Alopecia Areata Everything You Need to Know

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease that fundamentally allows hair to fall in certain patch forms around the body. Generally, the patch is no more significant than the diameter of a coin, but in some extreme cases, it can get worse. Sometimes, hair loss is hardly noticeable but can gradually increase over time, especially if any two patches or more join together.

Alopecia areata takes effect when the hair follicles are pounced on by the body’s immune system. It can affect the hair loss of any part of the body but usually starts with the scalp and can relapse at any time, even after years.

There can also be a complete hair loss termed as ‘alopecia Universalis’ and inhibits its growing back. To determine the exact cause of your hair loss, seeking treatment for alopecia in Pune is highly recommendable.

Cure of Alopecia Areata?

There isn’t an exact treatment for the alopecia areata, but people try different treatments to help their state or have the hair grow faster. But everyone’s condition vastly differs, and there have been instances where a particular medicine did wonders for one but aggravated the situation for another.

Medical treatment for Alopecia areata

There are many topical agents in both counter drugs and prescribed ones that help with hair growth stimulation when the formula is rubbed on the affected area. Some are Minoxidil, Anthralin, Corticosteroid creams, and Diphencyprone, which are rubbed on the affected areas to motivate growth.

Injectable treatment for Alopecia areata

This type of therapy is usually mild and does not prevent future hair loss. Steroid injectable is applied to the affected areas and needs to be repeated alternately after a month or two.

Oral treatment for Alopecia areata

These drugs work by restricting the body’s immune system response and are usually for patients with extensive alopecia but need a doctor’s medical advice before use. However, because of their high risk of side effects, it is recommended that these drugs should not be used long-term. Following treatment for alopecia in Pune will aid you effectively.

Light therapy treatment for Alopecia areata

This is a hair loss light therapy treatment. High radiation, and some oral medications, and UV light is used directly on the affected area to cure hair loss.

Natural treatments for Alopecia areata

Not everyone is fond of such harsh treatments used for this condition, which can be due to their other health problems or the risk of side effects. This is the reason they choose natural treatments. Some of these are:

  • Use of aromatherapy
  • Getting acupuncture
  • Getting micro-needling
  • Use of probiotics
  • Use of vitamins
  • Rubbing natural things like aloe vera, onion juice, topical gels, essential oils, etc.
  • Getting a scalp massage
  • Using herbal supplements
  • Following an anti-inflammatory intake

Types of Alopecia Areata

There are several types of the condition, and they are mainly characterized by their extent and any other accompanying symptoms, and for a reason, each class is dealt with differently.

Alopecia Areata (Patchy): as the name suggests, in this type, there are patches of hair loss on the skin that may be more than one. As this condition worsens, it can become alopecia totalis or even alopecia Universalis.

Alopecia Areata (Totalis): this condition signifies the complete loss of the hair on the scalp.

Alopecia Areata (Universalis): in this particular kind, along with the hair loss on the scalp, there is an accompanying hair loss on the facial part of the body, especially on the eyebrows and the eyelashes.

Alopecia Areata (Diffuse): this type can affect not just the loss of hair but starts by gradually thinning out the hair not only on the patch but all over the scalp.

Alopecia Areata (Ophiasis alopecia): in this type, hair loss along the backside of the scalp in the form of a band that can be on the accompanying sides of it as well.


Living with such a condition is challenging but depressing for some people. Still, since no treatments make the disease go away one hundred percent, some lifestyle changes can help people adapt and cope with the condition. More than 5 million people alone in the US suffer from this condition, so the patients should realize that they are not alone.

Nowadays, there are many wigs, hair extensions, or even stencils that give the effect of real hair on the scalp, eyebrows, and lashes. Just remember that you are not the only sufferer and there are many new things in the market to help deal with the problem, you just need to look around!

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