What are Shares and What are the Various Types of Shares?

The share market has made quite a few ripples in the news of late. Investing has also emerged as one of the best and most popular methods of engendering long term wealth. They also help fulfill financial goals. The FY21 has also noticed a whole wave of changes for 142 lakh retail investors within India. These days, equities or stocks also tend to account for 12-13% of all the investments within India. Being an investor, one also has to understand all the basics of what share markets consist of and how they work. To know what is shares and the types of shares, keep reading the post.

What is a share?

Shares usually consist of stocks or the capital of any organization. Almost all businesses have share capital requirements. Shares are single units within the whole capital of any organization. Shares are also a kind of security. They are measured either by interest or liability. Members who own shares of any company are also called shareholders. You could also call them investors who have invested their funds in the business. They receive profits and dividends in return for the profit of their owned businesses.

Equity Shares

Equity shares are also known as ordinary shares. They consist of the bulk of all the shares that are issued by a certain company. Equity shares are usually transferable and could be traded actively by all investors inside stock markets. If you are a shareholder, you dont just get voting rights on matters of the company but also get the right to get dividends. However, do know that they are not always fixed. Equity shareholders can be divided on the basis of definition, share capital, and returns. Equity shares can also be classified as dividend shares, growth shares, value shares, etc.

Preference Shares

Preference shares are those shares that allow shareholders to get dividends that are declared by the organization before you receive any equity shareholders. If your company has chosen to pay out all of its dividends to its investors, the preference shareholders will be the first to get these payouts from the organization. These shares are always released in order to accumulate capital for the organization. In case your company is experiencing a loss of some kind or is unable to make payments, whatever the last payment is shall be made to the shareholder before they are paid to any equity shareholders.  Preference shares are also divided into cumulative, non-cumulative preference shares, participating and non-participating preference shares, convertible shares, redeemable, irredeemable preference shares, etc.

Investing in shares could prove to be one of the best and biggest sources of generating wealth in the long run. Stocks not only give you a whole range of industries and sectors to pick from but also allow you to diversify the entire portfolio and also eradicate risks. If you want to narrow down on reliable or financial partners, you can also trust the Angel One investing app as they provide you with multiple benefits.

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